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Title: A TALE of transposition : Tn3-like transposons play a major role in the spread of pathogenicity determinants of Xanthomonas citri and other Xanthomonads.
Authors: Ferreira, Rafael Marini
Oliveira, Amanda Carolina Paulino de
Moreira, Leandro Marcio
Belasque Junior, José
Gourbeyre, Edith
Siguier, Patricia
Ferro, Maria Inês Tiraboschi
Ferro, Jesus Aparecido
Chandler, Michael
Varani, Alessandro de Mello
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: FERREIRA, R. M. et al. A TALE of transposition: Tn3-like transposons play a major role in the spread of pathogenicity determinants of Xanthomonas citri and other Xanthomonads. mBio, v. 6, p. e02505-14, 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 05 ago. 2017.
Abstract: Members of the genus Xanthomonas are among the most important phytopathogens. A key feature of Xanthomonas pathogenesis is the translocation of type III secretion system (T3SS) effector proteins (T3SEs) into the plant target cells via a T3SS. Several T3SEs and a murein lytic transglycosylase gene (mlt, required for citrus canker symptoms) are found associated with three transposition-related genes in Xanthomonas citri plasmid pXAC64. These are flanked by short inverted repeats (IRs). The region was identified as a transposon, TnXax1, with typical Tn3 family features, including a transposase and two recombination genes. Two 14-bp palindromic sequences within a 193-bp potential resolution site occur between the recombination genes. Additional derivatives carrying different T3SEs and other passenger genes occur in different Xanthomonas species. The T3SEs include transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs). Certain TALEs are flanked by the same IRs as found in TnXax1 to form mobile insertion cassettes (MICs), suggesting that they may be transmitted horizontally. A significant number of MICs carrying other passenger genes (including a number of TALE genes) were also identified, flanked by the same TnXax1 IRs and delimited by 5-bp target site duplications. We conclude that a large fraction of T3SEs, including individual TALEs and potential pathogenicity determinants, have spread by transposition and that TnXax1, which exhibits all of the essential characteristics of a functional transposon, may be involved in driving MIC transposition. We also propose that TALE genes may diversify by fork slippage during the replicative Tn3 family transposition. These mechanisms may play a crucial role in the emergence of Xanthomonas pathogenicity.
ISSN: 2150-7511
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license, which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Fonte: O próprio artigo.
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