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Title: Pharmacological basis for use of Lychnophora trichocarpha in gouty arthritis : anti-hyperuricemic and anti-inflammatory effects of its extract, fraction and constituents.
Authors: Souza, Maíra Ribeiro de
Paula, Carmem Aparecida de
Resende, Michelle Luciane Pereira de
Guimarães, Andrea Grabe
Souza Filho, José Dias de
Guimarães, Dênia Antunes Saúde
Keywords: Hyperuricemia
Xanthine oxidase
Lychnophora trichocarpha
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: SOUZA, M. R. de et al. Pharmacological basis for use of Lychnophora trichocarpha in gouty arthritis : anti-hyperuricemic and anti-inflammatory effects of its extract, fraction and constituents. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, v. 142, n.3, p.845-850, ago. 2012. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 13 ago. 2012.
Abstract: Ethnopharmacological relevance: The ethanolic extract of Lychnophoratrichocarpha Spreng. is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat bruise, pain and inflammatory diseases. Aim of the study: The present study aimed at investigating whether ethanolic extract of L. trichocarpha, its ethyl acetate fraction and its main bioactive compounds could be useful to treat gouty arthritis by countering hyperuricemia and inflammation. Materials and methods: L. trichocarpha ethanolic extract (LTE), ethyl acetate fraction from ethanolic extract (LTA) and isolated compounds were evaluated for urate-lowering activity and liver xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibition in oxonate-induced hyperuricemic mice. Anti-inflammatory activity in monosodium urate crystal-induced paw oedema, an experimental model of gouty arthritis, was also investigated. Results: Crude ethanolic extract and its ethyl acetate fraction showed significant urate-lowering effects. LTE was also able to significantly inhibit liver xantine oxidase (XOD) activity in vivo at the dose of 250 mg/kg. Luteolin, apigenin, lupeol, lychnopholide and eremantholide C showed the anti-hyperuricemic activities among tested compounds. Apigenin also showed XOD inhibitory activity in vivo. Luteolin, lychnopholide, lupeol and eremantholide C, in turn, did not shown significant inhibitory activity towards this enzyme, indicating that this mechanism is not likely to be involved in urate-lowering effects of those compounds. LTE, LTA, lupeol, β-sitosterol, lychnopholide, eremantholide, luteolin and apigenin were also found to inhibit monosodium urate crystals-induced paw oedema in mice. Conclusions: Ethanolic extract of Lychnophoratrichocarpha and some of its bioactive compounds may be promising agents for the treatment of gouty arthritis since they possesses both anti-hiperuricemic and anti-inflammatory properties.
ISSN: 03788741
metadata.dc.rights.license: O Periódico Journal of Ethnopharmacology concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 500790586
Appears in Collections:DEFAR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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