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Title: Multivariate optimization applied to the synthesis and reuse of a new sugarcane bagasse‑based biosorbent to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions.
Authors: Carvalho, Megg Madonyk Cota Elias
Soares, Liliane Catone
Maia, Luisa Cardoso
Dias, Mariana Viviane Lima
Gurgel, Leandro Vinícius Alves
Keywords: Toxic metals
Lignocellulosic material
Doehlert experimental design
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: CARVALHO, M. M. C. E. et al. Multivariate optimization applied to the synthesis and reuse of a new sugarcane bagasse‑based biosorbent to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 29, p. 79954-79976, 2022. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: This study reports the use of multivariate tools to optimize the synthesis of a new agricultural-based biosorbent derived from sugarcane bagasse (SB) for the removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions, as well as to optimize the process of desorption of these ions from the spent biosorbent using an acidic solution. The efects of the reaction parameters temperature (T), time (t), and the ratio of 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (BTCAD) to raw SB (wBTCAD wraw SB −1) on the chemical modifcation of raw SB with BTCAD and on the equilibrium adsorption capacity (qe) for Cd(II) and Pb(II) were investigated by application of a 23 Doehlert experimental design (DED), followed by optimization using a statistical desirability tool to produce the best adsorbent in terms of performance and cost. The best reaction condition was wBTCAD wraw SB −1 of 4.0 g g−1, t of 1 h, and T of 70 ºC. The optimal synthesis condition resulted in a modifed sugarcane bagasse (MSB) that provided qe values for Cd(II) and Pb(II) of 0.50 and 0.61 mmol g−1, respectively, obtained under the following conditions: 0.311 mmol Cd(II) L−1, 0.632 mmol Pb(II) L−1, pH 5.0, 4 h, 0.2 g L−1 MSB, 130 rpm, and 25 °C. The desorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from MSB was investigated by a 22 DED, with optimization using the desirability tool to obtain the best desorption condition in terms of HNO3 solution concentration (퐶HNO3 ) and t. The desorption efciencies for Cd(II) and Pb(II) were 90±4% and 88±3%, respectively, obtained using 0.7 mol L−1 HNO3, t of 42 min, and 1.0 g L−1 MSB-M(II) (M=Pb or Cd). Infrared spectroscopy was used to investigate the natures of the interactions involved in the adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) on MSB, as well as possible changes in the chemical structure of MSB after desorption. The synthesis of MSB can be performed under mild reaction conditions (t=1 h, T=70 ºC), and the solvents used can be recovered by distillation. BTCA is commercially available at moderate cost and can alternatively be obtained employing microbial succinic acid, metal-free catalysis, and modest use of petrochemical feedstocks. Furthermore, MSB can be reused, which could contribute to increasing the economic feasibility of water and wastewater treatment processes.
ISSN: 1614-7499
Appears in Collections:DEQUI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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