Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Pressure ulcer incidence in critically ill patients : role of body mass index, nutrition therapy, and other non-nutritional factors.
Authors: Ciríaco, Giulia Valente
Menezes Júnior, Luiz Antônio Alves de
Oliveira, Wandeir Wagner de
Silva, André Talvani Pedrosa da
Ribeiro, Silvana Mara Luz Turbino
Keywords: Pressure injury
Intensive care unit
Risk factors
Excess weight
Issue Date: 2023
Citation: CIRÍACO, G. V. et al. Pressure ulcer incidence in critically ill patients: role of body mass index, nutrition therapy, and other non-nutritional factors. Clinical Nutrition Espen, v. 55, p. 285-291, jun. 2023. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2023.
Abstract: Objective: To assess the clinical and nutritional risk factors related to the occurrence of pressure ulcers (PUs) in patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: This is a cohort retrospective study, carried out by analyzing the medical records of patients admitted to the ICU of a hospital, containing information on sociodemographic, clinical, dietary, and anthropometric data, presence of mechanical ventilation, sedation, and use of noradrenaline. To verify the clinical and nutritional risk factors, multivariate Poisson's regression with robust variance was used to estimate the relative risk (RR) according to the explanatory variables. Results: A total of 130 patients were evaluated from January 1 to December 31, 2019. The incidence of PUs in the study population was 29.2%. In univariate analysis, male sex, suspended or enteral diet, use of mechanical ventilation, and sedatives had a significant association with the PUs (p < 0.05). However, when adjusted for potential confounders, only suspended diet remained associated with the PUs. Furthermore, in an analysis stratified by hospitalization time, it was observed that for each 1 kg/m2 increase in body mass index, there is a 10% increased risk of PUs occurrence (RR: 1.10; 95%CI: 1.01e1.23). Conclusion: Patients with suspended diet, diabetics, with longer-time hospitalization, and overweight have a higher risk of presenting pressure ulcers.
ISSN: 2405-4577
Appears in Collections:DENCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
370,22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.