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Title: Genetic evaluation of migratory fish : implications for conservation and stocking programs.
Authors: Pimentel, Juliana da Silva Martins
Ludwig, Sandra
Resende, Leonardo Cardoso
Dias, Pedro Ferreira Pinto Brandão
Pereira, Adriana Heloísa
Abreu, Nazaré Lúcio de
Rosse, Izinara Cruz
Martins, Ana Paula Vimieiro
Facchin, Susanne
Lopes, João de Magalhães
Santos, Gilmar Bastos
Alves, Carlos Bernado Mascarenhas
Kalapothakis, Evanguedes
Keywords: Genetic structure
Hydropower dam
Next-generation sequencing
São Francisco River
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: PIMENTEL, J. da S. M. et al. Genetic evaluation of migratory fish: implications for conservation and stocking programs. Ecology and Evolution, v. 10, p. 10314-10324, 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 out. 2022.
Abstract: Fish stocking programs have been implemented to mitigate the blockage of original riverbeds by the construction of hydropower dams, which affects the natural migra- tion of fish populations. However, this method raises concerns regarding the genetic rescue of the original populations of migratory fish species. We investigated the spa- tial distribution of genetic properties, such as genetic diversity, population structure, and gene flow (migration), of the Neotropical migratory fish Prochilodus costatus in the Três Marias dam in the São Francisco River basin, Brazil, and examined the possi- ble effects of fish stocking programs on P. costatus populations in this region. In total, 1,017 specimens were sampled from 12 natural sites and a fish stocking program, and genotyped for high-throughput sequencing at 8 microsatellite loci. The populations presented low genetic variability, with evidence of inbreeding and the presence of only four genetic pools; three pools were observed throughout the study region, and the fourth was exclusive to one area in the Paraopeba River. Additionally, we identi- fied high unidirectional gene flow between regions, and a preferred migratory route between the Pará River and the upper portion of the São Francisco River. The fish stocking program succeeded in transposing the genetic pools from downstream to upstream of the Três Marias dam, but, regrettably, promoted genetic homogenization in the upper São Francisco River basin. Moreover, the data show the fragility of this species at the genetic level. This monitoring strategy could be a model for the devel- opment of conservation and management measures for migratory fish populations that are consumed by humans.
ISSN: 2045-7758
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Fonte: o PDF do artigo.
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