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Title: Plant growth promoting bacteria associated with langsdorffia hypogaea-rhizosphere-host biological interface : a neglected model of bacterial prospection.
Authors: Felestrino, Érica Barbosa
Santiago, Iara Furtado
Freitas, Luana da Silva
Rosa, Luiz Henrique
Ribeiro, Sérvio Pontes
Moreira, Leandro Marcio
Keywords: Bioprospecting
Biotechnological potential
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: FELESTRINO, E. B. et al. Plant growth promoting bacteria associated with langsdorffia hypogaea-rhizosphere-host biological interface: a neglected model of bacterial prospection. Frontiers in Microbiology, v. 08, p. 2017.00172, 2017. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 15 set. 2017.
Abstract: Soil is a habitat where plant roots and microorganisms interact. In the region of the Brazilian Iron Quadrangle (IQ), studies involving the interaction between microbiota and plants have been neglected. Even more neglected are the studies involving the holoparasite plant Langsdorffia hypogaea Mart. (Balanophoraceae). The geomorphological peculiarities of IQ soil, rich in iron ore, as well as the model of interaction between L. hypogaea, its hosts and the soil provide a unique niche that acts as selective pressure to the evolution of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB). The aim of this study was to prospect the bacterial microbiota of holoparasitic plant L. hypogaea, its plant host and corresponding rhizosphere of IQ soil, and to analyze the potential of these isolates as PGPB. We obtained samples of 11 individuals of L. hypogaea containing fragments of host and rhizosphere remnants, resulting in 81 isolates associated with Firmicutes and Proteobacteria phyla. The ability to produce siderophores, hydrocyanic acid (HCN), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), nitrogen (N2) fixation, hydrolytic enzymes secretion and inhibition of enteropathogens, and phytopathogens were evaluated. Of the total isolates, 62, 86, and 93% produced, respectively, siderophores, IAA, and were able to fix N2. In addition, 27 and 20% of isolates inhibited the growth of enteropathogens and phytopathogens, respectively, and 58% were able to produce at least one hydrolytic activity investigated. The high number of isolates that produce siderophores and indole-3-acetic acid suggests that this microbiota may be important for adaptation of plants to IQ. The results demonstrate for the first time the biological importance of Brazilian IQ species as reservoirs of specific microbiotas that might be used as PGPB on agricultural land or antropized soils that needs to be reforested.
ISSN: 1664-302X
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Frontiers in Microbiology permite o arquivamento da versão PDF do editor em repositórios de acesso aberto. Fonte: Sherpa/Romeo <>. Acesso em: 20 fev. 2020.
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