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Title: Assessing the impacts of mining activities on zooplankton functional diversity.
Other Titles: Avaliando os impactos das atividades de mineração sobre a diversidade funcional do zooplâncton.
Authors: Moreira, Francisco Wagner Araujo
Leite, Mariangela Garcia Praça
Fujaco, Maria Augusta Gonçalves
Mendonça, Fellipe Pinheiro Chagas
Campos, Larissa Paraguassú
Sant'Anna, Eneida Maria Eskinazi
Keywords: Mining
Functional diversity
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: MOREIRA, F. W. A. et al. Assessing the impacts of mining activities on zooplankton functional diversity. Acta Limnológica Brasiliensia, v. 28, p. 1-19, 2016. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 25 ago. 2017.
Abstract: Mining activities generate countless environmental impacts, including heavy-metal contamination, sorting and increased turbidity. In aquatic ecosystems these impacts can drastically affect the initial links of the food chain, such as zooplankton. Methods: To evaluate how the different mining activities can influence the structure and functional diversity of zooplankton, we investigated the geochemical characteristics of the water and sediment in two small impoundments impacted by different mining activities (kaolin and iron extraction). We also explored zooplankton composition, species diversity and functional diversity (feeding guilds taxa). Results: As expected, the water and the sediment of both of the reservoirs showed high concentrations of trace elements, particularly Al, Ba, Fe, Mg, Mn, Sr and Zn. Zooplankton biomass and diversity were markedly reduced (< 12 μg.DW.L-1 and H’ < 1.5, respectively), and negatively correlated with turbidity and total suspended solids. Small microphages dominated the trophic composition of zooplankton, and an alternation of trophic guilds was not observed, since the dynamics of raptorial organisms was essentially linked to the temporal fluctuation of a single species of rotifer (Polyarthra cf. dolichoptera). Conclusions: In addition to changes in the aquatic habitat and zooplankton composition, the functional niches were also affected by the mining impacts. The use of the functional diversity analysis can emerge as a valuable approach to understand how zooplankton communities respond to drastic environmental changes.
ISSN: 2179-975X
metadata.dc.rights.license: Os trabalhos publicados no periódico Acta Limnologica Brasiliensis, exceto onde identificado, estão sob uma licença Creative Commons que permite copiar, distribuir e transmitir o trabalho desde que sejam citados o autor e o licenciante. Fonte: Acta Limnologica Brasiliense <>. Acesso em: 28 jan. 2020.
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