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dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Bárbara Fonseca de-
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Daniela Caldeira-
dc.contributor.authorMachado, José Augusto Nogueira-
dc.contributor.authorChaves, Míriam Martins-
dc.identifier.citationOLIVEIRA, B. F. de et al. β-carotene, α-tocoferol and ascorbic acid: diferential profile of antioxidant, inflammatory status and regulation of gene expression in human mononuclear cells of diabetic donors. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, v. 29, p. 636-645, 2013. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 19 fev. 2017.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractBackground Diabetic patients are exposed to increased oxidative stress due to several mechanisms, mainly hyperglycaemia. Pathological processes, such as those in type 1 diabetes, include diminished activity of the antioxidant defense system(s) or excessive oxidative generation resulting in an oxidative/antioxidant imbalance and development of oxidative stress. Methods The purpose of this study was to evaluate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (chemiluminescence) and reduction capacity (MTT dye reduction), the expression of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunits, superoxide dismutase and catalase using quantitative reversetranscriptase polymerase chain reaction, and the levels of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-6, tumour necrosis factor-α, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-4] by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in mononuclear cells from non-diabetic and diabetic donors treated with a vitamin complex (ascorbic acid, β-carotene and α-tocopherol) in two different concentrations ([A]=ascorbic acid=0.08 μM, α-tocopherol=0.04 μM, β-carotene=0.0008 μMand [20A]=ascorbic acid=1.6μM,α-tocopherol=0.82μM, β-carotene=0.016 μM). Results Concentration [A] was antioxidant reducing ROS production, expression of NADPH oxidase subunits and pro-inflammatory cytokines while raising the expression of antioxidant enzymes and reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines in both groups. Concentration [20A] was pro-oxidant by raising ROS production, NADPH oxidase subunits and pro-inflammatory cytokines and reducing antioxidant enzymes and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the nondiabetic group but antioxidant in cells of type 1 diabetic patients by raising antioxidant enzymes and anti-inflammatory cytokines and reducing proinflammatory cytokines. Conclusion The vitamin complex has a dual effect, pro-oxidant and antioxidant, being also dose dependent with different profiles of cells of non-diabetic and type 1 diabetic patients.pt_BR
dc.subjectImmune cellspt_BR
dc.subjectAntioxidant enzymespt_BR
dc.titleβ-carotene, α-tocoferol and ascorbic acid : diferential profile of antioxidant, inflammatory status and regulation of gene expression in human mononuclear cells of diabetic donors.pt_BR
dc.typeArtigo publicado em periodicopt_BR
Appears in Collections:DECBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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