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Title: Failure analysis of recurrent cases of fatigue fracture in flash butt welded rails.
Authors: Godefroid, Leonardo Barbosa
Faria, Geraldo Lúcio de
Cândido, Luiz Cláudio
Viana, Thiago Gomes
Keywords: Rails
Flash butt welding
Fatigue cracking
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: GODEFROID, L. B. et al. Failure analysis of recurrent cases of fatigue fracture in flash butt welded rails. Engineering Failure Analysis, v. 55, p. 10.1016, 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 11 jul. 2016.
Abstract: Medium carbon steel rails are commonly jointed by flash butt welding procedures. To ensure an adequate service life for the structural component, commonly subjected to fatigue loading, a rigorous quality control should be performed, both in welding parameters and in the surface quality of the welded joint. This work investigated the causes of recurrent failures in railroads, with cracking always initiated in the rail in the region of the welded joint. Two case studies are presented. Aiming to execute the failure analysis, all standard procedures were applied, with a careful assessment of the material characteristics and the fractured surface. It was concluded that, for both cases, fatigue cracks initiated near the weld bead and spread in a brittle mode, leading to premature fracture of the material. An in-depth analysis of the rails showed that the surface finishing of the weld bead was not appropriate, generating undesirable stress concentration. Some undesirable microstructural characteristics were also found in the weld region. A recommendation to control welding parameters and to change the procedure of surface finishing of welded joints was held, aiming to decrease the number of accidents on the railroads.
ISSN: 1350-6307
metadata.dc.rights.license: O periódico Engineering Failure Analysis concede permissão para depósito deste artigo no Repositório Institucional da UFOP. Número da licença: 3914191316805.
Appears in Collections:DEMET - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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