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Title: Annato extract and β-carotene modulate the production of reactive oxygen species/nitric oxide in neutrophils from diabetic rats.
Authors: Rossoni Júnior, Joamyr Victor
Araújo, Glaucy Rodrigues de
Pádua, Bruno da Cruz
Chaves, Míriam Martins
Pedrosa, Maria Lúcia
Silva, Marcelo Eustáquio
Costa, Daniela Caldeira
Keywords: Diabetes
Reactive oxygen species
Nitric oxide
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: ROSSONI JÚNIOR, J. V. et al. Annato extract and β-carotene modulate the production of reactive oxygen species/nitric oxide in neutrophils from diabetic rats. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, v. 50, p. 177-183, 2012. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 20 fev. 2015.
Abstract: Annatto has been identified asecarotenoids that havetantioxidative effects. It is well known that one of the key elements in the development of diabetic complications is oxidative stress. The immune system is especially vulnerable to oxidative damage because many immune cells, such as neutrophils, produce reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species as part of the body’s defense mechanisms to destroy invading pathogens. Reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species are excessively produced by active peripheral neutrophils, and may damage essential cellular components, which in turn can cause vascular complications in diabetes. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the possible protective effects of annatto on the reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO) inhibition in neutrophils from alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Adult female rats were divided into six groups based on receiving either a standard diet with or without supplementation of annatto extract or beta carotene. All animals were sacrificed 30 days after treatment and the neutrophils were isolated using two gradients of different densities. The reactive oxygen species and NO were quantified by a chemiluminescence and spectrophotometric assays, respectively. Our results show that neutrophils from diabetic animals produce significantly more reactive oxygen species and NO than their respective controls and that supplementation with beta carotene and annatto is able to modulate the production of these species. Annatto extract may have therapeutic potential for modulation of the balance reactive oxygen species/NO induced by diabetes.
ISSN: 0912-0009
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Fonte: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition <>. Acesso em: 20 fev. 2015.
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