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Title: Bioactive properties of Syzygium cumini (L.) skeels pulp and seed phenolic extracts.
Authors: Santos, Catarina Angeli
Almeida, Felipe Alves de
Quecan, Beatriz Ximena Valencia
Gandra, Kelly Moreira Bezerra
Pereira, Patrícia Aparecida Pimenta
Cunha, Luciana Rodrigues da
Pinto, Uelinton Manoel
Keywords: Antimicrobial compounds
Quorum sensing
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: SANTOS, C. A. et al. Bioactive properties of syzygium cumini (L.) skeels pulp and seed phenolic extracts. Frontiers in Microbiology, v. 11, maio 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2021.
Abstract: The emergence of bacterial strains resistant to different antibiotics has prompted the search for new sources of antimicrobial compounds. Studies have shown that jambolan [Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels], a tropical fruit from the Mirtaceae family, contains a great variety of phytochemical compounds with high antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. This study aimed to determine the centesimal composition and physicochemical characteristics of the pulp and seed of S. cumini (L.) Skeels, as well as the content of total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant, antibacterial, antibiofilm and anti-quorum sensing (QS) activities of the phenolic extracts obtained from the pulp and the seeds of this fruit. The in vitro antibacterial and antiQS activities of active films incorporating phenolic extracts were also evaluated. Additionally, we performed molecular docking of phenolic compounds present in jambolan with the CviR QS regulator of Chromobacterium violaceum. The composition and physicochemical characteristics of the samples presented similar values to those found for the species. However, the seed phenolic extract had a higher content of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity than the pulp. Both phenolic extracts presented antibacterial activity against Aeromonas hydrophila, C. violaceum, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Serratia marcescens, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. The seed phenolic extract was particularly inhibitory against S. aureus. The pulp phenolic extract inhibited swarming motility and biofilm formation of A. hydrophila, E. coli, and S. marcescens in sub-MIC concentrations. The pulp and seed phenolic extracts inhibited violacein production in C. violaceum. Films incorporating both phenolic extracts inhibited the growth of bacteria, particularly Pseudomonas fluorescens, L. monocytogenes, and S. aureus, as well as QS in C. violaceum. Molecular docking showed that a variety of compounds found in pulp and seed extracts of jambolan, particularly chlorogenic acid and dihydroquercetin, potentially bind CviR protein and may interfere with QS. Our results indicate that pulp and seed of jambolan are good sources of antibacterial, antibiofilm, and anti-QS compounds that can be used in the development of natural preservatives and for application in antibacterial active films.
ISSN: 1664-302X
metadata.dc.rights.license: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Fonte: o PDF do artigo.
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