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|Title:||Ecological succession in areas degraded by bauxite mining indicates successful use of topsoil.|
|Authors:||Onésimo, Cecília Mara Gomes|
Dias, Diego D.
Beirão, Marina do Vale
Kozovits, Alessandra Rodrigues
Messias, Maria Cristina Teixeira Braga
|Citation:||ONÉSIMO, C. M. G. et al. Ecological succession in areas degraded by bauxite mining indicates successful use of topsoil. Restoration Ecology, v. 29, n. 1, p. e13303, jan. 2021. Disponível em: <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/rec.13303>. Acesso em: 12 maio 2021.|
|Abstract:||Brazilian ironstone outcrops (cangas) are nutrient-poor stressful habitat dominated by slow-growing woody species with high biodiversity and unique evolutionary history. Mining has produced great impacts on this ecosystem. Spontaneous regeneration of abandoned canga mined areas has not been observed. One of the active methods most widely used for ecological restoration in environments where soil has been lost or severely degraded is topsoil transposition due to the physical, chemical, and microbiological improvement of the substrate, in addition to the seed bank. Thus, plant succession was monitored for 40 months after topsoil transposition in a canga area degraded by aluminum mining, without any other type of management. A completely randomized design with 70 permanent plots (1 × 1 m) was used. Annual phytosociological surveys were carried out and floristic and vegetational spectra were constructed with the life-forms proposed by Raunkiaer. Floristic composition was compared with a reference site. Overall, 105 species were identified. Both flora and vegetation changed over time, increasing resemblance to the reference areas. The floristic and vegetational spectra after 4 years of topsoil deposition are similar to pristine ones. The vegetation spectrum showed an increase in the dominance of phanerophytes and hemicryptophytes, while therophytes reduced their proportion. The early successional stage is dominated by weeds, like in other canga restoration studies, but did not impede the native species regeneration. Cangas’s species recruited well from transposed topsoil. Unlike other studies with fertilized topsoil, our findings show the efficiency of topsoil transposition to provide initial conditions for the ecological restoration of this ecosystem.|
|Appears in Collections:||DEBIO - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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