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Title: Physiological and biochemical evaluation of different types of recovery in National Level Paralympic Powerlifting.
Authors: Santos, Wélia Yasmin Horacio dos
Martins, Felipe José Aidar
Matos, Dihogo Gama de
Tillaar, Roland van den
Marçal, Anderson Carlos
Lobo, Lázaro Fernandes
Barbosa, Lucas Soares Marcucci
Machado, Saulo da Cunha
Almeida Neto, Paulo Francisco de
Garrido, Nuno Domingos
Reis, Victor Machado
Vieira, Erica Leandro Marciano
Cabral, Breno Guilherme de Araújo Tinôco
Alves, José Vilaça
Silva, Albená Nunes da
Silva Júnior, Walderi Monteiro da
Keywords: Plasma cytokine
Cold water immersion
Dry needling
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: SANTOS, W. Y. H. dos. Physiological and biochemical evaluation of different types of recovery in National Level Paralympic Powerlifting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 18, n. 10, p. 5155, 2021. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2021.
Abstract: Background: Recovery from training is vital as it ensures training and performance to continue at high intensities and longer durations to stimulate the body and cause further adaptations. Objective: To evaluate different methods of post-workout recovery in Paralympic powerlifting athletes. Methods: Twelve male athletes participated (25.4 ± 3.3 years; 70.3 ± 12.1 kg). The presence of muscle edema, pain threshold, plasma cytokines, and performance measurement were evaluated five times. The recovery methods used in this study were passive recovery (PR), dry needling (DN), and cold-water immersion (CWI). Results: The data analysis showed that the maximal force decreased compared to the pretest value at 15 min and 2 h. The results also revealed that CWI and DN increased Interleukin 2 (IL-2) levels from 24 to 48 h more than that from 2 h to 24 h. After DN, muscle thickness did not increase significantly in any of the muscles, and after 2 h, muscle thickness decreased significantly again in the major pectoralis muscle. After CWI, pain pressure stabilized after 15 min and increased significantly again after 2 h for acromial pectoralis. Conclusion: The strength training sessions generate several changes in metabolism and different recovery methods contribute differently to maintain homeostasis in Paralympic powerlifting athletes.
ISSN: 1660-4601
metadata.dc.rights.license: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( Fonte: o artigo PDF.
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