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Title: Maternal high-fat diet triggers metabolic syndrome disorders that are transferred to first and second offspring generations.
Authors: Barbosa, Claudiane Maria
Figueiredo, Vivian Paulino
Barbosa, Maria Andréa
Cardoso, Leonardo Máximo
Alzamora, Andréia Carvalho
Keywords: Leptin
Energy intake
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: BARBOSA, C. M. et al. Maternal high-fat diet triggers metabolic syndrome disorders that are transferred to first and second offspring generations. British Journal of Nutrition, v. 123, p. 59-71, jan. 2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 fev. 2020.
Abstract: A high-fat (H) diet increases metabolic disorders in offspring. However, there is great variability in the literature regarding the time of exposure, composition of the H diets offered to the genitors and/or offspring and parameters evaluated. Here, we investigated the effect of a H diet subjected to the genitors on different cardio-metabolic parameters on first (F1)- and second (F2)-generation offspring. Female Fischer rats, during mating, gestation and breast-feeding, were subjected to the H diet (G0HF) or control (G0CF) diets. Part of F1 offspring becomes G1 genitors for generating the F2 offspring. After weaning, F1 and F2 rats consumed only the C diet. Nutritional, biometric, biochemical and haemodynamic parameters were evaluated. G0HF genitors had a reduction in food intake but energy intake was similar to the control group. Compared with the control group, the F1H and F2H offspring presented increased plasma leptin, insulin and fasting glucose levels, dietary intake, energy intake, adiposity index, mean arterial pressure, sympathetic drive evidenced by the hexamethonium and insulin resistance. Our data showed that only during mating, gestation and breast-feeding, maternal H diet induced cardio-metabolic disorders characteristic of human metabolic syndrome that were transferred to both females and males of F1 and F2 offspring, even if they were fed control diet after weaning. This process probably occurs due to the disturbance in mechanisms related to leptin that increases energy intake in F1H and F2H offspring. The present data reinforce the importance of balanced diet during pregnancy and breast-feeding for the health of the F1 and F2 offspring.
ISSN: 1475-2662
Appears in Collections:DECBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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